The process of car maintenance using the specification set by the manufacturer that involves the setting of wheel angles is known as wheel alignment.
The process of wheel alignment involves wheel adjustment which prevent the wear tire wear it also enables a car to move in a straight posture. For a vehicle to move without pulling on one side wheel alignment is necessary. breaking or tracking are other names for wheel tracking.
A vehicle can be set in a different way as that of a manufacturer. The setting is set so as to suit the stated handling settings. For sporting vehicles they can be adjusted in a way that exceed the manufacturers factory setting.
Nowadays modern vehicles have a drivers assistance system (ADAS) which include the electronic stability system, the antilock system. lane departure warning, traction control and the adaptive cruise control are the other types of ADAS.
This greatly helps in the proper management and the movement of a vehicles. This makes the aligning of a vehicle simpler.It also makes a vehicle to move in an efficient way thus reducing the risk of an accident occurring.
There are various types of wheel alignment which are primary and secondary alignment.This type of adjustments include the camber, caster and the toe. On some cars not all adjustments can be conducted on each and every wheel of a vehicle. Front and the rear are the ways in which the three types of adjustments can be further adjusted.
Secondary angles are many other adjustments which are carried out on a vehicles wheels. frame angle, set back, track width difference, wheel base difference are the different types of secondary vehicle alignment. There are also other secondary types of adjustments for both wheels and they include; ; steering Axis Inclination, Toe out on turns, maximum turns, rear ride height, the front ride height.
difference between the wheel base length and the right to the left side is commonly referred to as the Setback.Setback can also be measured through an angle. A setback is said to be negligible in a circumstance when the car is turning one of the wheel is normally in front of the other wheels with few centimeters it occurs when the car set back is set below the manufacturers standards.
Because of the various reasons some car models may have a factory setting which is from the right to the left side of the wheel base.An off-spec set back can occur when there is collision or when there is a difference between right and left caster. During the wheel alignment there is a specific camera which is normally used.